Need to do an annotated bibliography? This guide will lead you step-by-step through the process.
These are intended to be guidelines.
As always, consult with your professor for the specifics of your assignment.
An annotated bibliography is a bibliography that also includes a paragraph following each citation that summarizes or evaluates the source being cited.
The primary purpose of works cited page or reference list is to assist the reader in finding the sources used in the writing of a work. Depending on the assignment, an annotated bibliography might have different purposes: provide a literature review on a particular subject help formulate a thesis on a subject demonstrate the quality of research that you have done show that you understand each source cited
provide examples of the types of sources available describe other items on a topic that may be of interest to the reader explore the subject for further research.
There are 2 common types of annotations - descriptive and critical.
Descriptive annotations may summarize:
Special features of the work such as illustrations, maps, tables, etc.
Critical annotations include the same information as a descriptive annotation, but will also include value judgments or comments on the effectiveness of the work. [In this context, critical means evaluative and may include both positive and negative comments.] When writing a critical annotation, include some of these features:
The importance of the work’s contribution to the literature of the subject
When creating an annotated bibliography you will need to know how to summarize and analyze, and know how to do library research.
The citations (bibliographic information - title, date, author, publisher, etc.) in the annotated bibliography are formatted using the particular style manual (APA, MLA, Chicago, etc.) that your discipline requires.
Annotations are written in paragraph form, usually 3-7 sentences (or 80-200 words). Depending on your assignment your annotations will generally include the following:
Thanks to Denise Gehring at Azusa Pacific University for the content on this page.