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  • Types of Resources

     It is very important that you know what types of resources you may use. Each instructor will have different requirements.


    • Provides in-depth information
    • Does not always have the most current information
    • Includes reference books, E-Books and printed books
    • Books are available in print versions and online (E-Books)


    • Includes academic or scholarly journals, magazines, and newspapers
    • Published regularly: daily, weekly, monthly, quarterly, etc.
    • Provide current information and research
    • Accessible in print or through library databases


    • Can include very current information
    • Must be carefully evaluated for reliability.
    • Some instructors do not allow the use of websites


    • Includes documentary and feature films, podcasts, streaming video, etc.
    • Can provide useful supplementary and visual information

    Information Cycle Description

    The information cycle is the progression of media coverage of a newsworthy event. Knowing how information is created and how it evolves over time will help you better understand what types of sources will have the information you need. It will also help you when evaluating your sources for content and accuracy.

    Today:  If an event happened today, you would find information on TV, on the Internet, or on the radio.

    Yesterday:  If an event happened yesterday, you may still find information on TV, the Internet, or on the radio, but you will now find articles written in newspapers.

    Week(s):  If an event happened a week ago, you may still find information on TV, the Internet, radio, or in newspapers, but it will now be covered in magazines.

    Month(s):  If an event happened a month or more ago, you may now find articles published in academic or scholarly journals.

    One Year:  After about a year, you may begin to find books and/or government documents that have been published about the event.

    Years:  Years later, if the event has had a significant impact on society, you will begin to find information about it in reference books.

    Information Cycle created by Angela Davis, Pitt Community College

    Information Cycle


    The Information Cycle




    Information Cycle created by Angela Davis, Pitt Community College